Understanding Mental Health

Evidence Based Treatment

Kids Oneida’s is dedicated to increasing the utilization of more Evidence Based Treatments (EBTs).  EBTs help establish which mental health practices provide the best help for persons with severe mental illness and help them attain better outcomes in terms of symptoms, functional status, and quality of life.  EBTs include a core set of practices for which there is scientific evidence consistently showing positive results. 

There are several common areas of evidence based programs.  These include treatments that are clearly defined, treatments that can be replicated and outcomes that can be evaluated.  It usually takes years of this type of research before a particular treatment can be classified as evidence-based and effective.

Some of the EBT best practice treatment models include:

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a form of psychotherapy that emphasizes the important role of thinking in how we feel and what we do.  CBT is based on changing person’s thoughts in order to help them change their feelings and behaviors.  Therapy typically is short term.
  • Contingency Management involves using rewards to achieve and reinforce a desired behavior.
  • Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) teaches learning skills to cope with stress, emotions and feelings and how to improve relationships with others.  Strategies often  include learning how to deal with opposing beliefs systems to change behaviors.
  • Motivational Interviewing (MI) involves using motivation as an intrinsic strategy to change how one thinks, feels and behaves. This form of therapy is non-judgmental, non-confrontational and non-adversarial.
  • Functional Family Therapy is based on a family approach of prevention and intervention.  Therapy is short term and strength-based. Treatment looks at behavior assessment and re-assessment, motivation and family involvement in making sustaining changes.  Ages – 11 to 18.
  • Multi Systemic Therapy (MST) is based on the idea that problem behaviors are influenced not only by the individual person but by the family, friends, peers, school and the community.  Building on the strengths of all of these areas, interventions are based on practical solutions.  MST includes many of the above best practices in achieving results. Ages – 12 to 17
  • Brief Strategic Family Therapy uses treatment methods that are both strategic (i.e., problem focused and pragmatic) and time limited.   This therapy is based on family systems and uses the influence of family interactions to define and correct faulty behavior patterns. Ages –8 to 17.